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Platycerium madagascariense is an interesting, small platycerium, from Madagascar.  It is essentially a twig epiphyte, and is inhabited by ants, which live in the gaps created by the waffled shield fronds.  It usually occurs with an orchid, Pardalina rhodochila, which sends its roots into the acid, fertile debris left by the ants in the spaces between the shields..

These relationships probably contribute to the difficulty in cultivating this plant.  In my opinion, it is the most difficult platycerium.

Contrary to most available information, this plant prefers fairly cool temperatures.